As she begins to suffer a stroke, he feels drawn closer to her. In a society where man is fragmented from his fellow man, however, such gifts have come to be suspect — temptations to perversion, acts of condescension, or, at the very least, attempts by old busybodies trying to stick their noses where they are not wanted.
Julian retreats deeper into his thoughts, daydreaming about bringing a black lawyer or professor home for dinner or about his mother becoming sick and requiring treatment from a black doctor.
As the story opens, she is undecided as to whether she should wear the new green hat with the purple velvet flaps she has recently bought or take it back to the store. Embarrassed, Julian comments that the days of slavery are over, to which she replies that blacks should be free to rise but should do so separately from whites.
He is unable to connect with people on their terms. Julian visited the mansion once when he was young and it was descending into a state of disrepair. Julian imagines striking up conversation with him just to make his mother uncomfortable. Chestny and Carver are drawn together because she finds all children "cute," and, we are told, "she thought little Negroes were on the whole cuter than little white children.
Inthe Supreme Court ruled that segregation by color in public buses was unconstitutional, and the protest movement gained force. She makes her indignation felt in the most direct way possible. The irony is that Julian looks down on his mother without recognizing the ways in which he, in his passivity, is complicit in her bigotry.
The most obvious scenes in which she uses the latter technique are introduced by the comment that "Julian was withdrawing into the inner compartment of his mind where he spent most of his time" and by the comment that "he retired again into the high-ceilinged room.
She stares, "her face frozen with frustrated rage," at Julian's mother, and then she "seemed to explode like a piece of machinery that had been given one ounce of pressure too much. The black woman angrily calls out to her son, Carver, yanking him to her side.
In trying to teach his Mother a lesson after she has been hit, Julian also comes off as condescending. The final irony in the scene comes when Julian realizes that the stunned look on his mother's face was caused by the presence of identical hats on the two women — not by the seating arrangements.
When the black woman with the small boy, Carver, chooses to sit beside him rather than beside his mother, Julian is annoyed by her action. This lack of respect is shown by his thinking of himself as a martyr because he takes her to her reducing class, by his making fun of her new hat, by his desire to slap her, and by his "evil urge to break her spirit.
After he picks his mother up off the ground she starts to walk towards home rather than to the Y.
These are images, however, which have absolutely no validity. Her uneasiness at riding on an integrated bus is illustrated by her comment, "I see we have the bus to ourselves," and by her observation, "The world is in a mess everywhere. At first, he felt that she had been taught a good lesson by the black woman, and he attempted to impress upon her the changes which were taking place in the South.
Do your work as slaves cheerfully, then, as though you served the Lord, and not merely men," and he concludes by cautioning the masters to treat their slaves well because "you and your slaves belong to the same Master in heaven, who treats everyone alike.
Her fascination with the small boy and her ability to play with him indicate that they, at least, have risen above strict self-interest and have "converged" in a momentary Christian love for one another.
Table of Contents Plot Overview Julian, a recent college graduate, prepares to escort his mother to her weekly weight-loss class at the YMCA, which she attends to reduce her high blood pressure. Accounts of bus boycotts and freedom marches were part of the daily news reports, and Southern writers were expected to give their views on "relations between people in the South, especially between Negroes and whites.
Julian realizes with horror that his mother will try to give Carver a nickel as she does with all little children. Julian follows and lectures her, saying that she should learn from her encounter with the woman on the bus, who represents all African Americans and their distaste for condescending handouts.
Chestny and Carver are innocent and outgoing; they, therefore, are able to "converge" — to come together. As a native of the Old South, she carries with her attitudes which we now recognize as wrong-headed or prejudicial. Chestny's gift to the child, strikes her with a big purse, knocking her to the ground.
When they arrive at the bus stop, Julian baits his mother by removing his tie, prompting her to exclaim that he looks like a thug. Julian follows and lectures her, saying that she should learn from her encounter with the woman on the bus, who represents all African Americans and their distaste for condescending handouts.
Disoriented, she sways for a moment before stumbling off. In a society where man is fragmented from his fellow man, however, such gifts have come to be suspect — temptations to perversion, acts of condescension, or, at the very least, attempts by old busybodies trying to stick their noses where they are not wanted.
Julian retorts that true culture is in the mind and not reflected by how one acts or looks, as his mother believes. Chestny's eyes, O'Connor says, were "as innocent and untouched by experience as they must have been when she was ten.
Chestny with her purse represents "the whole colored race which will no longer take your condescending pennies. Need help with Everything That Rises Must Converge in Flannery O’Connor's Everything That Rises Must Converge?
Check out our revolutionary side-by-side summary and analysis. "Everything That Rises Must Converge" is a collection of short stories by Flannery O’Connor that was first published in Flannery O'Connor's Stories Summary and Analysis of "Everything That Rises Must Converge" Buy Study Guide.
The story begins with an account of Julian’s mother’s health: she has been directed by her doctor to lose weight, so she has started attending a “reducing class” at the Y. Conflicting Identity Schemas in Everything. - Regal Imagery in Flannery O’Connor’s Everything That Rises Must Converge Flannery O’Connor uses images of regality as represented by hats, colors, and ironic regal references in the short story “Everything That Rises Must Converge” to symbolize Julian’s mother, and her societal views.
Flannery O'Connor's Stories Summary and Analysis of "Everything That Rises Must Converge" Buy Study Guide. Summary. The story begins with an account of Julian’s mother’s health: she has been directed by her doctor to lose weight, so she has started attending a “reducing class” at the Y.
These papers were written primarily by. In Revelation by Flannery O’Connor we have the theme of judgement, grace and racism. Taken from her Everything That Rises Must Converge collection the story is narrated in the third person and begins with the main protagonist, Mrs Turpin looking for a seat in a doctor’s waiting room.An analysis of the story everything that rises must converge by flannery oconner